Çarşamba, Kasım 03, 2010

History of Trabzon

Located in a strategically important region, Trabzon is one of the oldest trade and port cities in Anatolia. Having every shade of blue and green, the pearl of the Black sea has always been a great source of inspiration for novels, poems, songs and operettas.

Remarkably attractive throughout the history, Trabzon has always become the subject for hundreds of travel books by western travelers, some of whom had named it `the city of tale in the East`. Trabzon was founded by the Turkish tribes reaching the Black Sea region via the Caucasus and then ruled by Millets, Persians, Romans, Byzantium and Kommens respectively. On 26th October, 1461 it was added to the soil of Ottoman Empire by Sultan Mehmet the Conquerer. The city, governed by Yavuz Sultan Selim, where Kanuni Sultan Süleyman, known as `the Magnificent` in Europe, was born and raised, was the first Anatolian city contributing a lot to the efforts to summon the Congress in Erzurum during the very beginning of the independence war.

The founder of the Turkish Republic, M. Kemal Atatürk visited the city three times and gave instructions about national history upon understanding the value of mother tongue in praying and decided to donate his properties to the Turkish nation.

The importance of Trabzon not only comes from its strategic location between the West and East trade route and also its very rich urban and cultural heritage. Trabzon, apart from İstanbul, was the first city to issue the publication of city almanac and the city newspaper in 1869. And it was in Trabzon, where the first medical magazine `Hekim` was published in 1908.

Trabzon is also famous for its crafts and craftsmen. Craftsmen have had an eminent place in the art history with their skills in shaping copper utensils with their hands and with their dexterity in waving gold or silver thread. Trabzon cloth which was always in demand in the Palace during Kanuni period, and other fabrics such as `pestemal and kesan` and woolen fabrics still being produced with traditional methods are among the crafts worth mentioning. Specific examples of wooden Works, most of which can be seen in the mosques, have inspired civil architectural buildings as well. The quality of Sürmene knives has become world wide famous.

It is the only Trabzon people who wrote a folk song for fish in literature in the world. Anchovy, an important product for Trabzon and its people, has already taken its place in lyric poems and in the book `Hamsiname` written in early 20th century. There are also recipes for different kinds of local dishes peculiar to Trabzon cuisine. Cabbage and corn should especially be mentioned when it comes to talk about the cuisine of the region. `Kuymak`, which every visitor to the region wants to taste, is cooked in butter and cheese maintaining its quality and taste over the years, and is a nation wide famous local dish.

`Horon and Kemence`, having a special place in our rich Anatolian folk dances, reflects the enthusiasm, dynamism, and excitement of Trabzon people with its rhythm and figures. And it has won many championships in international contests as well.

Trabzon is proud of its football team (Trabzonspor), the first Anatolian team to become champion many times in the Turkish Football League.   Trabzon is one of the remarkable cities in Turkey with its history, culture, plateaus, plant cover, traditional handcrafts, dishes, jokes, folk dances and many other beauties.

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