Çarşamba, Kasım 03, 2010

History of Antalya

 Antalya was given the name “Attalia” by King Attalos when he first came to the region in 159 B.C. On account of its fertile land and natural beauty he coined the phrase of it being a “Paradise on Earth”. Many settlers throughout the ages chose Antalya, and the city has had a colourful history with the Persians, Alexander the Great, the Romans and the Arabs, all leaving their footprints on the area.
Antalya and its environs experienced a golden era in the 1st and 2nd centuries A.D., as the cities were numerous and reflected unique styles of architecture and decorative motifs. Some of these cities were; Side and Aspendos in the east and Phaselis, Olympos and Xanthos in the west.
When Constantinople fell at the end of the Byzantine era in the 3rd century, the period of the golden age began to draw to a close.
With the coming of the Arab invaders, these cities came to a final end as the Arabs pillaged and plundered them. In 1207 the regions of Antalya and Alanya came under the influence of the Seljuks. The city was redecorated with many Seljuk architectural facilities and mosques. After the Seljuk period, Antalya was conquered by Murat the 1st, the Ottoman Sultan. The city was previously divided into three sections for Muslims, Christians and other religions.
Today, Antalya has been transformed into a modern city attracting many local and foreign tourists with its many cultural, historical and natural attractions. The city has developed with an international flair featuring many shopping centres, international and traditional restaurants, luxury hotels, cafes and bistros and popular coffee chains.
Whatever your taste, you are certain to be delighted in Antalya!
About Antalya
Antalya, formerly known as “Adalia”, is a large town and tourist destination, situated on the Mediterranean coast of southwestern Turkey. It is the capital city of the Antalya province. The population of the city is 603,190 (2000 census) but reaches up to 2 million in summer at the height of tourism season.
Situated on a steep cliff over the Mediterranean, Antalya is a picturesque city surrounded by mountains. Developments in tourism, starting in the 1970s, have transformed the city into an international resort. With its airport and central location, Antalya is “the capital of Turkish tourism”, a gateway to the Turkish Riviera and many historical sites. Furthermore, with its palm-lined boulevards, its prize-winning marina, the unspoilt historical neighbourhood of Kaleici, and the modern developments along the coast, the city of Antalya is a major attraction in its own right.
Antalya has plenty of accommodation, a very hot climate and many places to visit both in and around the city, including traces of Pamphylian, Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk and Ottoman architecture and cultures.
In 150 B.C., Attalos II, king of Pergamom, founded the city of Attalia (present day Antalya) to base his powerful naval fleet, and the city grew and prospered in the Ancient Roman and Byzantine periods, later becoming a naval base for the Christian Crusades against the Muslims in the Levant and in Cyprus.
The city, along with the whole region, was conquered by the Seljuk Turks in the early 13th century. In the 19th century the population of Antalya increased as Turks from the Caucasus and the Balkans moved into Anatolia. By 1911 it was a city of about 25,000 people, including many Christians and Jews, still living in separate quarters, round the walled mina or port. The city was briefly occupied by the Italians from the end of the First World War until the founding of the Turkish Republic in 1923.

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